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Meaning of Gayatri Mantra: Here are transliterated Sanskrit and English versions of the mantra, along with meanings:
AUM being the sound symbol of Parmatman (Supreme Reality), it is considered to be the first vibration as sound emanating at the beginning of creation. From the three matras of AUM came out the three 'feet' of Gayatri, and from its three 'feet' came out the three Vedas and the three Vyaahrtis BHUR-BHUVAH-SUVAH representing the three cosmic world planes of existence.
From A came out tat savitur varenyam which expanded itself into the Rg-Veda and the cosmic plane Bhuh.
From U came out bhargo devasya dhimahi, which expanded itself into Yajur Veda and the plane of Bhuvah.
From M came out dhiyo yo nah prachodayat- which expanded itself into Sam Veda, and the plane of Suvah.
The first Veda RG is stuti-para - devoted to devotion. The second Veda Yajur is kriya-para - devoted to work (action). The third Veda Sam is jnana-para -devoted to knowledge.
Om, we meditate(dhimahi) on the spiritual effulgence(bhargas) of that adorable Supreme Divine Reality (varenyam devasya), the source or projector (savitr) of the three phenomenal world planes: the gross or physical (bhuh) the subtle or psychical (bhuvah) and the potential or causal (suvah), both macro cosmically or externally and micro cosmically or internally.
Common Error made by westeners: Please do not replace Swaha (I bow to) for Suvah (realm of Celestial Light)